Author


Layer

Total mass
kg

Inactive water

%

Volume 1015 m3

Deles (1861)

Water in ground

 

 

1200

Vernadski (1936)

Crust (25 km)

 

 

1300

Poldervaart (1957)

Crust

 

 

80

Vinogradow (1959)

Mantle

 

 

2000

Makarenko (1966)

Crust (5 km)

 

10.1

60

Kalinin (1968)

Crust (5 km)

 

 

56

Lvovich (1974)

Crust (5 km)

 

 

70

Ganapathy and Anders (1974)

Crust and mantle

 

0.11

4400

Fyfe et al. (1978)

Crust

25 x  1021

3

700

Fyfe et al. (1978)

Mantle

4 x  1024

0.03

1200

Anderson (1989)

Crust

 

 

60

Ahrens (1989)

Mantle

 

 

2800

Table 2. Estimates of inactive water in the crust and the mantle of the Earth

Water in the Universe
Water in the Universe

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